Quick Answer: What Is Infant Hydronephrosis?

What foods should I avoid with hydronephrosis?

Here are 17 foods that you should likely avoid on a renal diet.Dark-colored soda.

In addition to the calories and sugar that sodas provide, they harbor additives that contain phosphorus, especially dark-colored sodas.

Avocados.

Canned foods.

Whole wheat bread.

Brown rice.

Bananas.

Dairy.

Oranges and orange juice.More items….

How is infant hydronephrosis treated?

Treatment often depends on the underlying cause. Although surgery is sometimes needed, in many cases hydronephrosis resolves on its own as a child grows, and surgery is not necessary. Essentially, hydronephrosis can be boiled down to a problem of urine flow.

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

Is hydronephrosis an emergency?

Hydronephrosis is a true emergency in patients with only one kidney and should the person believe that the lone kidney is at risk, urgent medical care should be accessed.

How common is hydronephrosis in fetus?

Fetal hydronephrosis is one of the most common problems detected by prenatal ultrasounds. It affects approximately 1 out of every 100 newborns. Unborn babies with fetal hydronephrosis do not typically experience problems in the womb. In half of all cases, the condition resolves on its own by the third trimester.

Is fetal hydronephrosis hereditary?

Minimal hydronephrosis is not genetic and is not hereditary. However, hydronephrosis may coincidentally occur in future pregnancies. If UPJ obstruction is determined to be the cause of the hydronephrosis, the chances for future children with the same obstruction may be as high as 50 percent.

What causes hydronephrosis in babies?

Defects in the urinary tract and other parts of the body. Birth defects that affect the spinal cord, such as spina bifida link, can affect the nerves that control the urinary tract and cause urinary retention. Urine retained in the bladder may flow backward into the ureters and kidneys, causing hydronephrosis.

Is hydronephrosis painful in babies?

Most babies with hydronephrosis have no symptoms. Older children may also have no symptoms if they have mild or moderate hydronephrosis, and the condition may disappear on its own. If your child has moderate to severe hydronephrosis, some symptoms may include: pain in the abdomen.

How long does hydronephrosis take to resolve?

About 4 out of every 5 cases will resolve on their own before or within a few months of birth and will cause no long-term problems for you or your baby. The remaining cases may require treatment with antibiotics to prevent kidney infections, and in some cases surgery may be needed.

What is the main cause of hydronephrosis?

The most common cause for this blockage is a kidney stone, but scarring and blood clots can also cause acute unilateral obstructive uropathy. A blocked ureter can cause urine to go back up into the kidney, which causes swelling. This backflow of urine is known as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).

Is hydronephrosis a sign of Down syndrome?

Mild hydronephrosis is commonly found in association with Down syndrome and should prompt evaluation of fetal anatomy to identify other congenital anomalies.

What foods help with hydronephrosis?

You can do this by:Choosing foods with low levels of phosphorous (look for “PHOS” on the label)Eating more fresh fruits and veggies.Choosing corn and rice cereals.Drinking light-colored sodas.Cutting back on meat, poultry, and fish.Limiting dairy foods.

How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?

Hydronephrosis is usually diagnosed using an ultrasound scan. Further tests may be needed to find out the cause of the condition. An ultrasound scan uses sound waves to create a picture of the inside of your kidneys. If your kidneys are swollen, this should show up clearly.

Is hydronephrosis serious?

Severe hydronephrosis. Left untreated, severe hydronephrosis can lead to permanent kidney damage. Rarely, it can cause kidney failure. But hydronephrosis typically affects only one kidney and the other kidney can do the work for both.

Is hydronephrosis curable?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.