Quick Answer: Is CMT Related To MS?

Is CMT considered a disability?

Medically Qualifying Under A Disability Listing: CMT is a form of peripheral neuropathy, meaning it affects the nerves and muscles in the arms, legs, hands, and feet.

The Social Security Administration (SSA) has a standard disability listing for this type of neurological disorder..

At what age does CMT present?

The symptoms of CMT usually start to appear between the ages of 5 and 15, although they sometimes do not develop until well into middle age or later. CMT is a progressive condition.

Does CMT make tired?

Fatigue is a common symptom in CMT. A study, published in the Journal of Neurology in 2010 and based on questionnaire given patients and an age- and sex-matched control group, reported that fatigue levels were significantly higher in people with CMT. Fatigue in CMT can be due to a number of reasons.

Can CMT skip a generation?

CMT does not skip generations genetically. For people with autosomal dominant and X-linked conditions, a person will either have the condition or not. If a parent has CMT that has been genetically confirmed, a child can be tested when that child is at least 18 years of age and with appropriate genetic counseling.

What type of disease is CMT?

Charcot (shahr-KOH)-Marie-Tooth disease is a group of inherited disorders that cause nerve damage. This damage is mostly in your arms and legs (peripheral nerves). Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease results in smaller, weaker muscles.

Can CMT affect your eyes?

CMT Type 6 involves development of optic atrophy with loss of vision or blindness, muscle atrophy and weakness, loss of sensation, and balance and gait difficulties. Depending on the genetic cause of the CMT Type 6, there may be other symptoms including delayed learning.

Does CMT affect speech?

Some people also develop additional problems, such as: uncontrollable shaking (tremor) abnormal curvature of the spine (scoliosis) problems speaking, breathing or swallowing (dysphagia) – these symptoms are rare in CMT.

Does CMT affect memory?

The most common cause of CMT is the duplication of a region on the short arm of chromosome 17, which includes the gene PMP22. We report a thirty-seven-year-old man with CMT disease having sleep, memory and attention disorders characterized by brief retrograde amnesia at early age.

How do you test for CMT?

These tests, done by drawing a blood sample or capturing a saliva sample, are designed to detect the most common genetic defects known to cause CMT. Many, but certainly not all, of the genetic mutations underlying CMT can be detected with a DNA blood test.

Does CMT cause back pain?

And, because joints often have more stress put on them because of weak muscles (weak ankles etc), then knees and hips have to do more work in people with CMT. Therefore, in my experience, arthritic pain and joint as well as back surgery are more frequent in patients with CMT.

Is Charcot Marie Tooth an autoimmune disease?

The phenotypic features encompasses neurological alterations similar to those observed in the axonal type 2 form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT2) and include autoimmune manifestations.

Does CMT affect your brain?

Unlike other neurological disorders, CMT usually isn’t life-threatening, and it almost never affects the brain. It causes damage to the peripheral nerves — tracts of nerve cell fibers that connect the brain and spinal cord to muscles and sensory organs.

Is CMT a form of muscular dystrophy?

No, CMT is not a type of muscular dystrophy. CMT is primarily a disease of the peripheral nerves, whereas muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases of the muscle itself.

What does a Charcot foot look like?

When the midfoot is involved in Charcot foot, the arch collapses, which rounds the bottom of the foot. This is called a rocker-bottom foot deformity. Depending on the location of the bone break, the toes can start to curve under like claws or the ankle can become deformed and unstable.

Is CMT more common in males or females?

The condition affects an equal number of males and females. CMT hereditary neuropathy is the most common inherited neurological disorder affecting more than 250,000 Americans. Since this condition is frequently undiagnosed, misdiagnosed or diagnosed very late in life, the true number of affected persons may be higher.

Can CMT be passed from father to daughter?

This change is called a mutation. Some genetic mutations are hereditary, meaning they can be passed down from a parent to their child. CMT is caused by hereditary genetic mutations. But just because someone has CMT doesn’t mean they got it from one of their parents.

Does CMT cause pain?

Paradoxically, despite sensory loss, some people with CMT experience pain — a combination of painful muscle cramps and neuropathic pain. This pain is not caused by an external trigger but by defective signals in sensory axons. Both types of pain usually can be alleviated with medication.

How is CMT disease inherited?

CMTX is inherited in an X-linked dominant pattern . A condition is considered X-linked if the mutated gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome. The inheritance is dominant if one copy of the altered gene is sufficient to cause the condition.